South Africa is endowed with an exceptionally rich marine environment. Besides the huge diversity of ecosystems, at least 11 130 species of marine animals and numerous species of marine plants and seaweeds have been identified. These many species represent an enormously valuable resource to South Africa. Aside from the great industrial value of several species, there are additional less obvious benefits attributable to many of the other organisms. While traditionally much attention is devoted to the management of harvesting resources, it is equally important to protect the overall biodiversity of the South African marine environment. These two activities need not be divergent.


This marine species richness is largely attributable to the diversity of habitat and the fact that South Africa is located at the confluence of three great oceans: the Indian, Atlantic and Southern Oceans. However, the distribution of these species is not uniform along the 2881-km coastline, clearly an implication for their conservation. Accordingly, several attempts have been made to group all these species into zoo-geographic provinces.


Many of the pics were taken from "The Wheat-Bix Card Album of South African Fishes" These cards (Similar to cigarette Cards) were issued ky BOKOMA Breakfast cereals with which with they were packed.




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Last updated February, 2014